JSON php

If you have a web server (Apache, IIS, etc.) installed locally and PHP installed, you can write a PHP script to generate stock data and make the call to your local server. What's important for this example is that the stock data is JSON-encoded and that the server is local.

  1. Create a PHP script.
  • In the Eclipse Package Explorer, select the StockWatcher/war folder.
  • From the Eclipse menu bar, select File > New > File.
  • In the New File window, enter the file name stockPrices.php
<?php

  header('Content-Type: text/javascript');
  header('Cache-Control: no-cache');
  header('Pragma: no-cache');

  define("MAX_PRICE", 100.0); // $100.00
  define("MAX_PRICE_CHANGE", 0.02); // +/- 2%

  echo '[';

  $q = trim($_GET['q']);
  if ($q) {
    $symbols = explode(' ', $q);

    for ($i=0; $i<count($symbols); $i++) {
      $price = lcg_value() * MAX_PRICE;
      $change = $price * MAX_PRICE_CHANGE * (lcg_value() * 2.0 - 1.0);

      echo '{';
      echo "\"symbol\":\"$symbols[$i]\",";
      echo "\"price\":$price,";
      echo "\"change\":$change";
      echo '}';

      if ($i < (count($symbols) - 1)) {
        echo ',';
      }
    }
  }

  echo ']';
?>
  1. Compile StockWatcher.

    • Click the GWT Compile Project button in the toolbar icon or run the ant build script to create the production mode files for the application (which will now include stockPrices.php).
    • screenshot: Package Explorer php file
  2. Move the compiled StockWatcher files in the StockWatcher/war directory to a /StockWatcher directory in whatever web server (Apache, IIS, etc.) you have installed locally which supports PHP. If you are not using Java servlets (e.g. GWT RPC), you will not have to move over the files in StockWatcher/war/WEB-INF

  3. Test the stock quote server.

    • In a web browser, navigate to http://localhost/StockWatcher/stockPrices.php?q=ABC+DEF
    • StockPrice data is returned in JSON format
[{"symbol":"ABC","price":40.485578668179,"change":-0.53944918844604},
    {"symbol":"DEF","price":1.3606576154209,"change":0.0051755221198266}]

Now that you can retrieve JSON-encoded stock data from the server, continue with the next step in the JSON tutorial, Manipulating JSON data in the client-side code.